"Multispectral IR signature polarimetry for detection of mines and unexploded ordnance (UXO)," M.A. LeCompte, F.J. Iannarilli, D.B. Nichols, and R.R. Keever, Proc. SPIE 2496 (1995).
The passive multi-spectral IR polarization signature attributes of mines and backgrounds are observable to an appropriately designed detection system. The processes that create signature polarization are spectrally dependent. At shorter wavelengths, reflected solar radiation produces polarization which is perpendicular to the plane of incidence. At long wavelengths, the reflected sunlight is relatively weak and polarization of thermal emissions, which are parallel to the plane of incidence, may dominate. A multispectral polarimetric imaging system could measure a scene's percent and angle of polarization attributes in different spectral regimes. These images can be spatially compared to reveal the presence of manmade polarizing features such as the exposed surfaces of mines or anomalous perturbations to normal background. This information would be processed by suitable discrimination algorithms which might cross-correlate the spatial polarimetric and spectral channels.
Aerodyne Research, Inc. (ARI) and Boeing Defense and Space Group of Seattle, WA have investigated the feasibility of employing passive IR multi-spectral polarimetry to locate and identify land mines. The results of this investigation, which used a combination of model-based analysis and field measurements, are reported.